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George Granville Monah James November 9, — June 30,  was a Guyanese-American historian and author, known for his book Stolen Legacy , which argues that Greek philosophy and religion originated in ancient Egypt. James was born in Georgetown, Guyana. His parents were Reverend Linch B.
George earned bachelor's and master's degrees at Durham University in England and gained his doctorate at Columbia University in New York. James died soon after publishing Stolen Legacy in In this book, James claims that, among other things, the ancient Greeks were not the original authors of Greek philosophy , which he argues was mainly based on ideas and concepts that were borrowed without acknowledgement, or indeed stolen, from the ancient Egyptians.
He argues that Alexander the Great "invaded Egypt and captured the Royal Library at Alexandria and plundered it", that Aristotle's ideas came from these stolen books and that he established his school within the library.
The book draws on the writings of freemasonry to support its claim that Greco-Roman mystery religion originates from an "Egyptian Mystery System".
James invokes Greek sources such as Herodotus who describe the cultural debt of Greece to Egypt. He also mentions prominent Greek philosophers such as Pythagoras and Plato who are said to have studied in Egypt. He attributes Democritus's use of the term atom indivisible particle to the Egyptian deity Atum , who symbolizes completeness and indivisibility.
Stolen Legacy and its thesis have been controversial since the book was published. Ronald B. Levinson dismissed the book in a review, writing that "only social psychologists and collectors of paradoxes will find here grist for their mills" and presenting some of James's claims as self-evidently ridiculous. William Leo Hansberry in wrote in support of the book's key premises, including the conclusion. Hansberry acknowledged that the book might contain some errors and would upset Hellenophiles, but pointed to the work of established historians such as James H.
Breasted in support of the theory of Egyptian influence on Hellenistic culture. In the s, classics professor Mary Lefkowitz emerged as a prominent critic of Afrocentrism and of James.
Her critique of Stolen Legacy makes the following arguments: . Martin Bernal , author of the Black Athena trilogy which also argues for Egyptian influence on Greece, in turn criticized Lefkowitz for poor sourcing, double standards for evidence, and omission of key details.
Bernal points to modern scholarship indicating pre-Hellenistic origins of the Hermetic Corpus. Bernal argues that archaeological data, as well as Greek and Latin sources, demonstrate a diffusion of the cult of Isis , mystery religion , and initiation ceremonies from Egypt to Greece.
Finally, Bernal recapitulates the historiographical argument of Black Athena Volume 1 that the "Ancient Model" of Egyptian influence on Greece was standard until it was eclipsed in the 19th century, for ideological reasons, by the "Aryan Model".
Lefkowitz, replying in the same journal, wrote that Greek philosophy borrowed from Egypt, but neither "borrowed massively" nor "stole", and Greece was influenced by other cultures as well.
She responds to his critique of her reading of Diodorus and clarifies other points. She remonstrates that Bernal uses needlessly charged terms such as "attack", "rage", and "Aryan", which distract from the matter at hand. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Vail , author of Ancient Mysteries and Modern Masonry James" , Medium , December 29, The Guardian. See " Afrocentrism " in online Skeptic's Dictionary.
Levinson , book review in Books Abroad , 29 2 , Spring , p. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Add links. Download as PDF Printable version.
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History has never been obvious. Most of the great thinkers always advised us never to believe in it. It is because of the reason that the rich and powerful who dominated the world wrote history how they liked it. Those won were the conquerors wrote it because they existed whether or not they were right. Many great debates have been made on the same issue. Many books were written in which writers have argued on the matter.
Stolen Legacy is one of those books written by George J. M James. In this book, whether we should give credit to Greek Civilization for the modernism? Is it true that Greek were the first once to put the basis for modern civilization?
He strongly argues that many of the Greek got their inheritance and studies from Egypt. Download the free Stolen Legacy pdf at the end to read. The man who argued this point that Greek philosophy actually had its origin from Egypt was George James.
He was an author and historian. He did some good research on the ancient civilizations. He wrote some other books that only book that got much recognition is Stolen Legacy. In this book, he argued that the Greek civilization and Philosophy was not originally their own. In fact, they inherited it from Egypt. Many great Greek scholars such as Aristotle had their origins from the Egypt.
He also argued the fact that much knowledge came from Africa and the continent played an important role in the civilization of the world. This book leads the author to great debates and fame. I opened the review with history talk because of this book.
The most sold book by George James argues the idea of Greek civilization. He says that there is nothing like original Greek philosophy. It was stolen from the African philosophy or also called Egyptians. Though, Greek philosophers managed to keep their tag on the work. Still, it is true that due to their influence and power they managed to do that. All of their work on philosophy and civilization was stolen from Egyptians or Arabs. Today the work talks about the contribution of Greek to the civilization.
They are unaware of the fact there is nothing like that. All of this philosophy was actually Egyptian and it was stolen or inherited by the Greek. Many great Greek scholars such as Aristotle, Hippocrates, and Thales might put good work but they always admitted that their work was a result of Egyptian influence and them credit themselves for that. Then George James gives different arguments to prove his point. In different chapters, he gives reference to the history of both Egypt and Greece and their scholars to prove his point.
He explains in details the work and culture from both sides. He said that many philosophers that were living and did work theirs got that tag. Many of them were actually North Africans or you can also call them Egyptians. Since he was a historian, it was not difficult for him to bring all of these facts in one place.
However, we have already talked about history that it is never obvious. Well, anyhow when you start reading the book, your mind starts thinking about these things and want to be agreed. The facts that are presented by George James are simply beautiful and astonishing. Though, we have already talked about the idea of history being a fable. George himself was a historian and had great knowledge of him. Or because someone claimed to be something in history.
We always had the idea that Greek were responsible this modern civilization and philosophy. George took this responsibility and wrote this book called Stolen Legacy. He strongly argued the idea of Greek domination on history and presented them with great facts and figures.
The way he explained things in each chapter with historical and cultural reference, it is simply impregnable. There is not another book that presents all of these facts with such grace. If you are interested in the subject then get download the free Stolen Legacy pdf from our page. You will easily find the hardcopy for this book in the market.
If you already have then also downloaded the free Stolen Legacy pdf from the link below to keep reading this book wherever you want.
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